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English Grammar- Lesson 1.2 The simple sentence: Verbs with and without objects PDF Print
Sunday, 07 August 2011 10:06

English Grammar-  Lesson 1.2  The simple sentence: Verbs with and without objects

1.2  The simple sentence: Verbs with and without objects

1.2 A: What is a complete sentence?

1. When we speak, we often say things like All right!Good!Want any help?

These are ‘complete units of meaning’, but they are not real sentences.

2. A simple sentence is a complete unit of meaning which contains a subject and a verb,

followed, if necessary, by other words which make up the meaning. So:

Made  in Germany is correct English but it is not a sentence because it doesn’t have a subject

My car was made in Germany. is a complete sentence with a subject and verb.

We can’t say:

Ex: ‘Is tired’ because we need a subject èHe is tired.

3. The subject may be ‘hidden’: Open the door.really means You open the door

1.2 B: Verbs with and without objects

  1. We always  have to use an object after some verbs: eg. Beat, contain, enjoy, hit, need.

We call these transitive verbs. We have to say:

Arsenal beat Liverpool. But we can’t say “Arsenal beat.’’

2. Some verbs never take an object : eg. Ache, arrive, come, faint, go, sit down, sleep, snow, .

We call these intransitive verbs. We have to say:

We arrive at 11. But we can say “We arrive the station at 11.’'

3. Some verbs can be used transitively  or intransitively: eg. Begin, drop, hurt, open, ring, win.

We can say: Arsenal won the match.( transitive) or Arsenal won.( intransitive )

1.2 C: Sentences with linking verbs like ‘be’ and ‘seem’

1. Verbs like be and seem are ‘linking verbs’. They cannot have an object.

The word we use after be, etc. tells us something about subject. In grammar, we call this a complement because it ‘completes’ the sentence by telling us about the subject.

In He is ill. She seems tired. etc. The words ill and tired tell us about he and she.

2. A complement maybe:

- an adjective:

- a noun:

- an adjective+noun:

- a pronoun:

- an adverb of place or time:


- a prepositional phrase:

Frank is clever

Frank is an architect

Frank is a clever architect.

This book is mine .

This meeting is here. The meeting is at 2.30.

Alice is like her father

Last Updated on Monday, 08 August 2011 02:09
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