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Using Verbs and V- ing In Grammar English PDF Print
Friday, 29 July 2011 16:33

Using Verbs and V- ing In Grammar English

1. VERB + V-ING

1.1. These verbs are followed by v-ing (not to):

stop               delay             fancy            consider         admit            mention

finish             postpone       imagine        avoid              deny              continue

miss              involve           enjoy            dislike            love               mind

risk               practise         like              hate                suggest         quit

Example:

- I enjoy dancing. (not ‘I enjoy to dance ’)

- Would you mind closing the door.

- Ann suggested going to the cinema.

- Have you ever considered going to live in another country?

- Suddenly everybody stopped talking.

- I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat.

- He tried to avoid answering my question.

- I don’t fancy going out this evening      .

Note that the negative form: not + v-ing

When I’m on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.

1.2. The following verbs can have the structure: verb + preposition + v-ing

1.3. The following verbs can have the structure: verb + object + preposition + v-ing

go on (carry on)

We can’t go

on

living like this.

put off

Everybody put

off

discussing it till next week.

give up

He has given

up

smoking.

keep (on)

Don’t keep

(on)

interrupting me.

talk about

We talked

about

going to America.

apologise for

She apologised

for

not telling the truth.

succeed in

Have you succeeded

in

fiding a job yet?

insist on

They insisted

on

paying for the meal.

think of

I’m thinking

of

buying a new house.

dream of

I wouldn’t dream

of

asking them for the money.

approve of

She doesn’t approve

of

gambling.

decide against

We’ve decided

against

moving to London.

feel like

Do you feel

like

going out tonight?

look forward to

I’m looking forward

to

meeting her again.

object to

Do you object

to

working on Sunday?



 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 


verb +

object +

preposition +            v-ing

congratulate on

I congratulated

Ann

on

passing the exam.

accuse of

They accused

me

of

telling lies.

suspect of

Nobody suspected

the man

of

being a spy.

prevent from

What prevented

him

from

coming to see us?

stop from

The police stopped

everyone

from

leaving the building.

thank for

I forgot to thank

them

for

helping me.

forgive for

Please forgive

me

for

not writing to you.

warn against

They warned

us

against

buying the car.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. VERB + TO + INFINITIVE

2. 1. Structure: verb + to + infinitive :

offer       decide      hope      deserve           attempt          try        claim

agree         aim                 afford              wish               threaten           tend

refuse      arrange            learn              forget              fail                  swear       appear

ask         expect       want         manage           pretend          promise            seem

Example

- It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.

- Tom was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to lend him some money.

- He is going to learn to drive next month.

- I waved to Mary but failed to attract her attention.

- The thief refused to stop at the red light.

- I like George but I think he tends to talk so much.

- Ann pretented not to see me as she passed me in the street.

- The robbers threatened to kill all workers in the bank.

- I swear not to tell you a lie.

- They deserved to be sent to prison.

Note: After dare / help you can use the infinitive with or without to:

- I wouldn’t dare to tell him.         or I wouldn’t dare tell him.

But after daren’t (or dare not) you must use the infinitive without to:

- I daren’t tell him what happened. (without to)

Can you help me to move this table.    or Can you help me move this table.

2.2. After the following verbs you can use a question word (what, where, how, whether… ) + to…

Ask  decide   know    remember     forget

explain      learn      understand     wonder

 

Examples:

We asked                        how                   to get to the station.

Have you decided            where                to go for your holiday?

I don’t know                    whether            to apply for the job or not.

Do you understand         what                  to do?

Also: show / tell / ask/ advise / teach somebody what / how / where to do something:

Can you show me how to answer this question?

Ann will tell you what to do.

He taught us what to know about the country.

2. 3. After make and let we use : verb + object + infinitive (without to )

The customs officer made him to open his case.

My parents didn’t let me go out alone when I was a baby.

Hot weather makes me feel tired.

Let me carry your bag for you.

We ‘make somebody do…’, but the passive is ‘be made to do…’( infinitive with to )

He was made to open his case.

2. 4. These verbs have two possible structures. Compare:

Advise           recommend         encourage       allow        permit            forbit

 

Verb + V-ing (without an object)

I wouldn’t recommend staying in that hotel.

She didn’t allow smoking in her house.

Passive:

Smoking isn’t allowed in her house.

Verb + object + to + infinitive

I wouldn’t recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.

object

She didn’t allow us to smoke in her house.

Passive:

We aren’t allowed to smoke in her house

Last Updated on Friday, 29 July 2011 17:50
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