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How to use possessive adjectives and pronouns in English Grammar PDF Print
Friday, 01 July 2011 19:23


How to use possessive adjectives and pronouns in English Grammar

1. Introduction:

Hi, everybody!. Today, EnglishGoOnline will help you to use "I" - "My” or “mine”? "She" - “Her” or “hers” in English? How to use them in English Grammar. You will learn the difference and when to use them! This is a necessary lesson on possessive adjectives and pronouns for English beginners.


2. Watch the  Online Video - Lesson:


3. How to use

3.1. Possesive adjectives

Definition: Possesive adjectives are used to show ownership or possession. The possessive adjectives are:


Subject pronoun Possessive adjective
I my
you your
he his
she her
it its
we our
they their

For example:

  • That's my folder.
    * " My" is an adjective which shows that I am the owner of the folder.

A possessive adjective is similar or identical to a possessive pronoun; however, it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase.

For example:

  • I can't complete my assignment because I don't have the textbook.
    * In this sentence, the possessive adjective "my" modifies the noun "assignment".
  • What is your phone number?
    * Here the possessive adjective "your" is used to modify the noun phrase "phone number"
  • The cat chased its ball down the stairs and into the backyard.
    * In this sentence, the possessive adjective "its" modifies "ball".

3.2. Possessive Pronouns

Definition: We use the Possessive Pronouns when we want to substitute a group of words that are indicating a possession relation.


Subject Possessive
I Mine
You Yours
He His
She Hers
It Its
We Ours
You Yours
They Theirs

For example:

  • This is my book.
    * In this example, we can substitute "my book" for the possessive pronoun "mine". => This is mine.

  • This is your disk and that's mine.
    * Mine substitutes the word disk and shows that it belongs to me.

A possessive pronoun indicates it is acting as a subject complement or a subject of the sentence.

For example:

  • The smallest gift is mine.
    This is yours.
    * Here the possessive pronouns acts as a subject complement.

  • His is on the kitchen counter.
    Theirs will be delivered tomorrow.
    Ours is the green one on the corner.
    * Here the possessive pronoun acts as the subject of the sentence.

Note : Possessive pronouns are very similar to possessive adjectives.

For example:

  • You can borrow my book as long as you remember that it's not yours.
    => The possessive "my" depends on the noun "book."
    => The possessive "yours" is a pronoun which stands in the place of "your book".

  • When you drive to Manitoba, will you take your car or theirs?
    => The possessive "your" depends on the noun "car."
    => The possessive pronoun, "theirs," stands in the place of the noun phrase, "their car."

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Last Updated on Friday, 01 July 2011 20:31


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